Dynamics of orientation tuning in cat v1 neurons depend on location within layers and orientation maps

by James Schummers, Beau Cronin, Klaus Wimmer, Marcel Stimberg, Robert Martin, Klaus Obermayer, Konrad Koerding, Mriganka Sur
Abstract:
Analysis of the timecourse of the orientation tuning of responses in primary visual cortex (V1) can provide insight into the circuitry underlying tuning. Several studies have examined the temporal evolution of orientation selectivity in V1 neurons, but there is no consensus regarding the stability of orientation tuning properties over the timecourse of the response. We have used reverse-correlation analysis of the responses to dynamic grating stimuli to re-examine this issue in cat V1 neurons. We find that the preferred orientation and tuning curve shape are stable in the majority of neurons; however, more than forty percent of cells show a significant change in either preferred orientation or tuning width between early and late portions of the response. To examine the influence of the local cortical circuit connectivity, we analyzed the timecourse of responses as a function of receptive field type, laminar position, and orientation map position. Simple cells are more selective, and reach peak selectivity earlier, than complex cells. There are pronounced laminar differences in the timing of responses: middle layer cells respond faster, deep layer cells have prolonged response decay, and superficial cells are intermediate in timing. The average timing of neurons near and far from pinwheel centers is similar, but there is more variability in the timecourse of responses near pinwheel centers. This result was reproduced in an established network model of V1 operating in a regime of balanced excitatory and inhibitory recurrent connections, confirming previous results. Thus, response dynamics of cortical neurons reflect circuitry based on both vertical and horizontal location within cortical networks.
Reference:
James Schummers, Beau Cronin, Klaus Wimmer, Marcel Stimberg, Robert Martin, Klaus Obermayer, Konrad Koerding, Mriganka Sur, 2007. Dynamics of orientation tuning in cat v1 neurons depend on location within layers and orientation maps, Frontiers in neuroscience, volume 1.
Bibtex Entry:
@article{Schummers2007,
 abstract = {Analysis of the timecourse of the orientation tuning of responses in primary visual cortex (V1) can provide insight into the circuitry underlying tuning. Several studies have examined the temporal evolution of orientation selectivity in V1 neurons, but there is no consensus regarding the stability of orientation tuning properties over the timecourse of the response. We have used reverse-correlation analysis of the responses to dynamic grating stimuli to re-examine this issue in cat V1 neurons. We find that the preferred orientation and tuning curve shape are stable in the majority of neurons; however, more than forty percent of cells show a significant change in either preferred orientation or tuning width between early and late portions of the response. To examine the influence of the local cortical circuit connectivity, we analyzed the timecourse of responses as a function of receptive field type, laminar position, and orientation map position. Simple cells are more selective, and reach peak selectivity earlier, than complex cells. There are pronounced laminar differences in the timing of responses: middle layer cells respond faster, deep layer cells have prolonged response decay, and superficial cells are intermediate in timing. The average timing of neurons near and far from pinwheel centers is similar, but there is more variability in the timecourse of responses near pinwheel centers. This result was reproduced in an established network model of V1 operating in a regime of balanced excitatory and inhibitory recurrent connections, confirming previous results. Thus, response dynamics of cortical neurons reflect circuitry based on both vertical and horizontal location within cortical networks.},
 author = {Schummers, James
and Cronin, Beau
and Wimmer, Klaus
and Stimberg, Marcel
and Martin, Robert
and Obermayer, Klaus
and Koerding, Konrad
and Sur, Mriganka},
 day = {15},
 doi = {10.3389/neuro.01.1.1.011.2007},
 issn = {1662-453X},
 journal = {Frontiers in neuroscience},
 language = {eng},
 month = {Nov},
 number = {1},
 pages = {145--159},
 title = {Dynamics of orientation tuning in cat v1 neurons depend on location within layers and orientation maps.},
 url = {http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/neuro.01.1.1.011.2007/pdf},
 volume = {1},
 year = {2007}
}