Neural tuning matches frequency-dependent time differences between the ears

by Victor Benichoux, Bertrand Fontaine, Tom P. Franken, Shotaro Karino, Philip X. Joris, Romain Brette
Abstract:
The time it takes a sound to travel from source to ear differs between the ears and creates an interaural delay. It varies systematically with spatial direction and is generally modeled as a pure time delay, independent of frequency. In acoustical recordings, we found that interaural delay varies with frequency at a fine scale. In physiological recordings of midbrain neurons sensitive to interaural delay, we found that preferred delay also varies with sound frequency. Similar observations reported earlier were not incorporated in a functional framework. We find that the frequency dependence of acoustical and physiological interaural delays are matched in key respects. This suggests that binaural neurons are tuned to acoustical features of ecological environments, rather than to fixed interaural delays. Using recordings from the nerve and brainstem we show that this tuning may emerge from neurons detecting coincidences between input fibers that are mistuned in frequency.
Reference:
Victor Benichoux, Bertrand Fontaine, Tom P. Franken, Shotaro Karino, Philip X. Joris, Romain Brette, 2015. Neural tuning matches frequency-dependent time differences between the ears, eLife, volume 4.
Bibtex Entry:
@article{Benichoux2015,
 abstract = {The time it takes a sound to travel from source to ear differs between the ears and creates an interaural delay. It varies systematically with spatial direction and is generally modeled as a pure time delay, independent of frequency. In acoustical recordings, we found that interaural delay varies with frequency at a fine scale. In physiological recordings of midbrain neurons sensitive to interaural delay, we found that preferred delay also varies with sound frequency. Similar observations reported earlier were not incorporated in a functional framework. We find that the frequency dependence of acoustical and physiological interaural delays are matched in key respects. This suggests that binaural neurons are tuned to acoustical features of ecological environments, rather than to fixed interaural delays. Using recordings from the nerve and brainstem we show that this tuning may emerge from neurons detecting coincidences between input fibers that are mistuned in frequency.},
 author = {Benichoux, Victor
and Fontaine, Bertrand
and Franken, Tom P.
and Karino, Shotaro
and Joris, Philip X.
and Brette, Romain},
 day = {27},
 doi = {10.7554/eLife.06072},
 issn = {2050-084X},
 journal = {eLife},
 keyword = {Time Factors},
 language = {eng},
 month = {Apr},
 title = {Neural tuning matches frequency-dependent time differences between the ears.},
 url = {https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4439524/pdf/elife06072.pdf},
 volume = {4},
 year = {2015}
}